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The paper presents results of surface condition examinations of martensitic X39Cr13 steel subject to heat and surface treatment (plasma nitriding). The heat treatment consisted of compressed nitrogen quenching from 1050 °C (1323 K) and two-hours tempering at 300 °C (573 K) and 620 °C (893 K) for specimens subject to nitriding. The plasma nitriding was carried out in an ion-nitriding installation with cooled anode, at temperature of 460 °C (733 K), at pressure of 150 Pa and during t = 20 h (72 ks); 25%N2+75%H2 was used as the reactive atmosphere. Specimens surface was examined using a profilographometer designed for surface 2D and 3D examinations using a contact method. Surface topography measurements were carried out on specimens taken from 1 mm thick sheet. 1.5 mm×1.5 mm surface was the measurement area. The sampling interval in X and Y axis was 1 μm, while the measuring speed was 0.5 mm/s. The studies carried out allowed evaluating the conditions of examined steel surface through the comparison of stereometric parameters of the surface.